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Planning Pet Care?

Planning Pet Care?

Pets make excellent companions for single people. They are also good for children, who can learn useful life skills through caring for them. Whatever animal you choose, make sure that you can give it the attention that it needs.

Keeping Cats and Dogs
Pats are independent animals, requiring little are to be happy. Dogs need regular exercise more than regular feeding and a litter box. and can become miserable if left alone, so do However, they do need human attention if they not have one if you are out all day.

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Adapting Your Home
Discouraging digging If a potted plant is within reach of a cat or dog, put cinnamon sticks or strips of lemon peel into the soil. Animals dislike the smell, so they will be unlikely to dig up the soil or chew the plants.

Organizing Car
Selecting carers Before you buy an animal, agree who in the household will look after it. If you share tasks, draw up a roster so that people take turns in caring for a pet.
Setting rules Take special care of a new animal so that it feels secure in its new home. Do not be overly indulgent or encourage bad habits.
Planning a diet Ask a pet’s breeder or previous owner for guidelines on diet. Introduce any new foods gradually, so you do not upset the animal.

Calming Pets
Soothing a restless puppy If a new puppy cries at night, wrap a ticking clock in a soft towel, and put it in the puppy’s bed. The quiet, regular noise is like the mother’s heartbeat and will comfort the animal.

Taking Care of Rodents
Rodents, such as rabbits, hamsters, and care otherwise they may bite. Some can be mice, are easy to keep. However, these let out to play for a time, but watch them to animals are often nervous, so handle them with make sure that they do not escape.

Keeping Mice
Neutralizing odors
Mice always smell, even if their cage is regularly cleaned. To absorb odors, put a bowl of vinegar by a cage with mice in it. Change the vinegar regularly.

Caring for Rodents

Placing a hutch or cage Put an outdoor cage in a place that is free from drafts and safe from predators. If a rodent lives indoors, try not to keep it in a bedroom because rodents may be noisy at night.
Providing company Before buying a rodent, find out whether the species prefers to live alone or with others. For example, hamsters are solitary, but rabbits need company.

Handling a rodent safely: Do not hold a rodent a long way off the ground because it could be killed if it falls.
Caring for Fish, Reptiles, and Amphibians
fish, reptiles, and amphibians are fascinating pets. They are not as friendly as mammals but can be rewarding to observe. Monitor their health and environment to avoid problems. If you have children, check that your pets are not likely to pass on diseases such as salmonella.

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Keeping Reptiles
Very few pet reptiles are dangerous, but they ; It will need special care. When buying a reptile, ask the breeder or shop for instructions on care.
Handling If a reptile bites, wear rubber gloves when handling it. The animal will dislike the taste of the gloves, so iliey should not bile you.
Keeping groups If you plan to keep several species of reptile together, check that none of them is likely to kill or injure other types.
Feeding Be sure that you are able to feed the reptiles properly. For example, you may have to kill rodents or frogs for some snakes.

Looking After Fish
Draining a tank Fill a hose with water. Put one end in the tank, and the other in a bucket below it. The water will flow out of the tank by itself.
Decorating a tank Fill a tank with features that will interest fish. Add natural objects such as water plants and a few large stones, and include some broken terra-cotta pots for the fish to hide in and explore.

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Using a Terrarium
Choosing a tank Make sure that the tank has a secure lid. Snakes, especially, are very good at escaping from tanks.
Creating an environment Provide the right surroundings for an animal’s lifestyle and habits. For example, provide a water area for bathing, sand for burrowing, or branches for tree-climbing animals.
Regulating temperature Use a thermometer in a terrarium so that you can monitor the temperature. To give heat for basking, shine a desk lamp on to the terrarium.
Lining the floor Choose shredded paper or cedar chips. They are easy to clean and do not harbor parasites.
Choosing and Keeping Birds
Birds are intelligent, sociable creatures. They need company and attention as well as practical care. Keep them in pairs or groups if possible. Make sure that birds have room to move around their cage. Give them toys, and talk to them – even if they do not talk back.

Buying Birds
Checking origin Before you buy a bird, find out its country of origin and whether the species is bred in captivity. You can then avoid buying a bird that may have been illegally captured in the wild.
Determining life expectancy Find out how long a bird is likely to live. Small birds may survive only a few years, but some parrot species may live as long as a human being.
Choosing a bird that will talk If you wish to train a bird to talk, buy a young one about six weeks old. Keep the bird on its own, but give it a lot of attention so that it will listen to you and learn words easily.
Keeping Birds
Checking air quality Birds can suffer from breathing problems if exposed to dirty air. Never smoke cigarettes near them. Keep them away from strong smells such as burning fat or fresh paint.
Avoiding disease Species imported from tropical areas may carry psittacosis (parrot fever), a disease that is fatal to humans. To avoid infection, wash your hands after handling a bird or cleaning a cage.
Positioning a cage Place a bird cage on a sturdy stand, high enough for you to reach easily when you stand beside it. Position the cage away from direct light and drafts.

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