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How To Do Treating Common Ailments?

How To Do Treating Common Ailments?

Treating Fever and Colds

The misery of the common cold is familiar to almost everyone – chills and nasal congestion being among the symptoms. A very high temperature may indicate a more serious infection.

If a fever develops, you should try to bring it down as quickly as possible.

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Identifying Meningitis; This is an inflammation of the tissues surrounding the brain, Prompt action is required since it is potentially a very serious condition.

  • Recognising the signs Symptoms of meningitis include a dislike of strong light, fever, vomiting, stiffness and pain in the neck, and a sporadic distribution of red or purple spots which are distinguished by the fact that they do not fade when pressure is applied to them. a loss of consciousness may also occur.
  • Taking action If you suspect that a person may have meningitis, take him to the hospital immediately.

Dealing with Febrile Convulsions

Keeping a child cool; babies and children under four years, fever can induce febrile convulsions. If a child’s temperature rises above 102°F (40°C), call a doctor. Undress the child to cool her and sponge her down for up to 30 minutes. Give acetaminophen syrup as advised.

Treating Fever in Adults & Children

  1. Take the temperature of the victim. It should be approximately 98.6°F (37°C); anything higher than 100°F (38°C) indicates a fever. Make the person comfortable, preferably by letting him or her rest in bed in a cool room.
  2. Give the person plenty of water or diluted fruit juice to drink to prevent dehydration. An adult may take two acetaminophen pills; a child may be given acetaminophen syrup. Sponge with water if the fever is high or use a fan.

Relieving the Symptoms Of Colds

  • Avoiding overheating Be careful not to become overheated by wearing too many clothes or putting too many blankets on the bed. This will increase your general level of discomfort.
  • Improving breathing Clear a congested nose by inhaling a few drops of eucalyptus oil sprinkled on a handkerchief. Another method is to hold your head over a bowl of hot water and inhale the steam. For greater effect, place a towel over your head and the bowl. Fresh air may also help clear breathing.
  • Easing a sore throat If you have a sore throat, gargle with warm water in which you have dissolved some salt. The salt will help to retard the development of any bacterial infection, while the warmth will soothe the soreness.
  • Drinking frequently Drink plenty of water or diluted fruit juice, especially if your cold is accompanied by a raised temperature, in order to avoid dehydration and soothe a dry mouth and throat. A child with a sore throat will often suck an ice pop even if he or she refuses drinks.

Green Tip

Natural soothers; Infuse honey, cloves, and lemon in hot water as a natural remedy for coughs and sore throats. Sucking a whole clove will quiet tickles in the throat.

Treating Common Ailments

Stomachache

Pain in the stomach can be the result of relatively trivial indigestion, or it can indicate a damaged intestine particularly if the pain fluctuates in intensity, and is accompanied by vomiting – or inflammation of the appendix, particularly in older children.

Treating Stomachaches

  1. Make sure that the person is comfortable in a bed or on a sofa, propped up on pillows. Leave a bowl nearby in case she wants to vomit.
  2. Give her a covered hot- water bottle, or wrap one in a towel, to hold against her stomach. Do not give her medication or anything to eat.
  3. If this fails to alleviate the pain after 30 minutes, or if the pain is severe, call a doctor. Severe pain could indicate a serious condition.

Warning

Do riot wait more than 30 minutes before calling a doctor if the pain Continues. It could indicate appendicitis.

Appendicitis

  • Symptoms Appendicitis tends to affect older children, particularly teenagers. The symptoms include pains in the middle of the abdomen, moving to the right lower abdomen, loss of appetite, raised temperature, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhoea.
  • Medical help Do not give food or drink to a person with symptoms of appendicitis. Call a doctor at once.

Vomiting

Adults can usually cope with their own vomiting, but children need assistance and care. Vomiting can cause them to panic, so reassurance is important. If diarrhoea occurs with the vomiting, call a doctor since this may indicate a serious illness or cause dehydration.

Warnings

A baby or small child can become dehydrated when vomiting. Administer sips of cooled, boiled water. Do not give formula or cow’s milk, but continue to breastfeed.

Earache and Toothache

Earaches may be caused by an infection, a cold, a boil in the ear canal, a foreign body in the ear, or pressure changes. Toothaches may be the result of a cavity, an abscess, or a mouth infection. Children may need a lot of attention while their ears are painful.

Treating Toothache

  1. Give the person the recommended dose of acetaminophen pills or syrup to ease the pain and make him or her more comfortable. If the pain persists, make an appointment with a dentist.
  2. Lay the person down, or support the head with pillows. Place a covered, warm hot-water bottle under the affected cheek. You could give an adult a small measure of liquor to hold in the mouth this helps alleviate pain.

Treating Earache

  1. Encourage the person to lie down, or make him as comfortable as possible if he is seated. Give the correct dose of acetaminophen pills or syrup to ease the pain and discomfort in the ear.
  2. Cover a hot-water bottle, and give it to the person to learn the painful ear against. Advise the person to see a doctor. If you are worried about the person’s condition, or if an earache does not subside, call a doctor.

Warning

When treating a toothache, if the jaw is affected or swollen, consult a dentist. When treating an earache, call a doctor if there is discharge, fever, or hearing loss.

Treating a Pressure-change Earache

Clearing the ears; Blocked ears may occur on flights during takeoff and landing, or when travelling through tunnels. Tell a victim to make the ears “pop” by closing the mouth, pinching the nostrils, and blowing out hard through the nose. Yawning or sucking hard candy will also help. Help a baby swallow by feeding it.

Traditional Tip

Temporary filling; If you need a tooth filled but cannot get to a dentist immediately, soak a small piece of cotton in oil of cloves. Pack it into the cavity to relieve the discomfort.

Hiccups

Hiccups are contractions of the diaphragm against a partially closed windpipe. They can be distressing if they persist. They usually go away on their own, but a few techniques may help. Consult a doctor if the hiccups last for more than a few hours.

Helping Hiccups to Go Away

  • Drinking water To cure hiccups, try drinking water from the wrong side of a cup. This awkward task will take your mind off the hiccups, which should then stop.
  • Holding breath Try holding your breath for as long as possible. Repeat until the hiccups have stopped and then you can breathe normally.
  • Relaxing It is best to stand or sit quietly while trying to cure hiccups – moving around may only make the hiccups worse.

Breathing expired air

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Hold a paper bag over the mouth and nose and rebreathe your expired air for one minute Never use a plastic bag.

 

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