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How Do I Resuscitating A Victim?

How Do I Resuscitating A Victim?

When treating an unconscious victim, the priority is to check whetlier the lungs and heart are working.

Open the airway, then check for breathing and a pulse. If you suspect back or neck injury, do not move the victim.

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A, B, C Of Resuscition
These letters stand for Airway, Breathing, If an unconscious victim is breathing and has a and Circulation – three areas that you must pulse, place him or her in the recovery immediately assess in an unconscious victim, position and call an ambulance.

Assessing The Condition Of A Victim

Opening the Airway: Open the victim’s mouth, and carefully remove anything inside it that could obstruct the airway. Open the airway by placing one hand on the victim’s forehead and two fingers of the other hand under the victim’s chin, tilting his head back slightly.

Checking Breathing
Keeping the airway open, place your cheek beside the victim’s mouth and nose for five seconds, and listen and feel for any breath being exhaled. At the same time, carefully look along the victim’s chest to see if there is any sign of movement of the lungs.

Checking Circulation
Place a finger at the side of the windpipe for five seconds. If there is a pulse but no breathing, begin rescue breathing. If there is no pulse or breathing, call an ambulunce, then start cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

how to cpr

The Recovery Position

The recovery position shown below is the safest position for a victim who is unconscious, because the tongue cannot block the throat and liquids can drain from the mouth. This greatly reduces the risk of the victim inhaling vomit or stopping breathing.

Placing A Victim
Bend the victim’s near arm at a right angle to the body. Place the back of her far hand to her near cheek. With her near leg straight, bend the other leg so that the knee is at a right angle.

Recovery Position
Holding the victim’s hand against her cheek, pull the thigh of the bent leg toward you, and roll her onto her side. Working from this position, you should even be able to roll someone heavy.
Guide the victim’s head as you turn her. Tilt her head back, and pull the jaw forward to open the airway. Continue to check the A, B, C of resuscitation until an ambulance arrives.

Rescue Breathing
If an unconscious victim is not breathing, you will need to blow air into his or her lungs. Give 10 breaths per minute, and check for a pulse after every 10 breaths. Continue for as long as you can – until the victim starts to breathe again, or until help arrives.

Lay the victim on his back.
Remove obstructions from his mouth. Place your hand on his forehead, tilt his head back, and pinch his nose while placing two fingers under his chin.
Place your mouth over the victim’s mouth, sealing it firmly. Blow in for two seconds; the chest will rise. Let the chest fall for four seconds, inhaling fresh air as it does so. Repeat 10 times per minute.
Repeat Step 2 until the victim is breathing unaided or professional help arrives. Stop every 10 breaths and check for a pulse. Start cardiopulmonary resuscitation if the victim’s pulse stops.

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Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a combination of rescue breathing and chest compressions. If there is no breathing or pulse, administer two breaths, followed by 15 chest compressions. Continue doing this – aiming for 100 compressions a minute – until help arrives

Administering Chest Compressions
1. Lay the victim on a firm surface. To locate the area for applying compressions, feel for the victim’s lowest rib with your first and middle fingers. Slide your fingers upward until your middle finger reaches where the rib meets the breastbone – there may be a slight hollow here.
2. Your first finger should now be lying on the victim’s breastbone. Slide the heel of your other hand down the breastbone until it is next to the point where your first finger is resting. The heel of your hand is now sitting in the exact area to which the compressions will be applied.
3. Place the other hand on top of the first, and interlock your fingers. Keeping your arms straight, press down 2 in (5 cm) and release. After 15 chest compressions, administer two breaths, and repeat the two steps until help arrives. Check the victim’s pulse and breathing regularly.

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