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How Can I Take Care My Baby?

How Can I Take Care My Baby?

Whether you take care your children or pay someone to do it, you will have to adapt your lifestyle so that the children’s needs come first.

Advance planning will help you make the most of your resources.

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Essential Equipment for a Newborn Baby

• The choice of baby equipment and clothes is considerable and can be bewildering. The items shown here make up the basic kit that you will need to care for a newborn baby.
• Assembling equipment If you cannot afford to buy everything at once, buy essentials such as clothes, diapers, and a bed before the baby arrives, and gradually buy the rest later.
• Ensuring safety Make sure that you choose equipment and clothes that are flame retarclant.
• Finding dual-purpose items Look for ilems that will suit the baby as it grows. For example, choose a carriage that can be convened later into a stroller.
• Sharing with others Babies grow quickly, so their clothes may last only a few weeks. Buy secondhand garments from a consignment shop or thrift store, and in return pass on anything that your baby has outgrown.

Essential Equipment for a Newborn Baby

Organizing Time With a Baby

Your child will be a baby for only a short time, so enjoy the experience – baby care need not consist solely of feeding, giving baths, and changing diapers. Babies like company, so spend time with yours, especially if you plan to start work outside the home after a few months.

Setting Up a Routine
• Organizing daily activities Establish a routine for feeding, diaper changing, sleep, and cuddling. This will minimize stress for you and the baby.
• Checking body heat Babies cannot regulate their body temperatures. Feel the back of the neck to make sure that a baby is not overly hot or cold.
• Helping a baby to sleep Do not let anyone overexcite a baby just before bedtime. An unsettled baby will not go to sleep – and neither will you.
• Finding time to sleep Fit your rest around your baby’s sleep pattern, even if he or she tends to sleep during the day and be active at night. Use a baby monitor to alert you if the baby wakes up.
Bathing a Baby
Timing baths Young babies need a full bath only every two or three days. Set aside sufficient time to allow for play as well as washing.

drying baby

Drying Baby
Before you start bathing a baby, tuck a towel into the waistband of your clothes. Once you have finished, lift the baby onto your lap, and wrap the towel around it.

Organizing Feedings
• Preparing equipment When bottle-feeding, sterilize bottles before use if your doctor recommends it. If not, clean bottles and all equipment thoroughly in hot soapy water.
• Making feedings in batches Prepare a whole day’s formula at once, and store it in a refrigerator. Warm formula in a pot or cup of hot water, not in a microwave oven. Check that the feeding is the correct temperature by squeezing a few drops from a bottle onto the back of your hand.
• Introducing solid food When you cook for adults, save plainly cooked vegetables to feed to a baby. Purée and freeze in meal-sized portions. Reheat as needed.

Catering for Children’s Needs

As children grow, it is important to make sure that they feel safe in their environment, while gradually making them aware of any potential dangers – first in the home and then outdoors. Supply as much stimulation as they need, without encouraging overexcitement.

Stimulating a Baby
Decorating a portable crip pictures around the inside of a crib to give a baby something to look at. A new baby is not likely to pull them out. If the baby grabs at the cards, remove them.

Caring for a Toddler

• Choosing clothes Learning how to dress is a necessary skill that can also be fun for toddlers. Select clothes with simple fastenings such as touch-and-close tape, or large, colorful buttons.
• Teaching through daily life Let your child come with you while you do routine tasks around the house. Use the time to teach die child about his or her environment.
• Coping with tantrums The best way to deal with a small child having a tantrum is to leave the room. Tell the child why you are going, and return when the tantrum is over.

child care

Starting School

Marking possessions
Label every object that a child takes to school, including cup and lunchbox. If a child cannot read, use blank labels in a bright color so that the child will be able to identify the objects easily.

Keeping Children Safe Indoors
The family home can be a dangerous place for children, but with a little forethought you can prevent many accidents. Note the possible hazards in each room. Move harmful objects out of reach of children, and put gates across areas such as the top of a stairway.

Childproof Safety Equipment
• In most cases, you can make areas safe just by rearranging the objects in them. However, to protect small children, you will need safety items as well, such as the pieces shown on the right.
• Using safety gates Install gates at the tops and bottoms of stairs. Make sure thai the bars are vertical so that a child cannot climb them. Check that the gates have childproof locks.
• Making a stovetop safe Install a stove guard so that children cannot touch hot surfaces. Use the back burners whenever possible, and turn pan handles away from the front of the stove.
• Testing a baby monitor Check all parts regularly to see that they are working properly.
• Fitting a door stop Attach a stop to the top of a door so that a child cannot reach the stop.

A Good Idea
Using a box as a step Keep an upturned box for a child to use as a step to reach a sink or toilet. Check that the box will bear the child’s weight. Always supervise small children in the bathroom.
Preventing Accidents
• Making a floor safe Remove any loose rugs. Sand wooden flooring to remove splinters. Fit durable surfaces such as vinyl in areas used by children.
• Preventing burns Put guards in front of fireplaces and heaters. Make sure that a child cannot knock the guards over.
• Fitting safe wires Use coiled wires on electrical appliances. These wires take up little space, and should not dangle within reach of children.
• Storing harmful items Store items such as cleaning fluids and medicines in cabinets that a child cannot reach. When using the items, keep them away from the child.
• Using stairs safely When carrying a child up or down stairs, hold on to a banister.

Creating a Safe Home
Securing doors Install locks or high-up bolts to the doors of potentially hazardous rooms such as the kitchen. Keep the rooms locked when not in use.

Covering Table Corners
To protect each corner of a low table, make a dent in a ping-pong ball, then glue it to the wood.
The balls will make the corners visible and will act as shields if a child falls against the table.

Keeping Children Safe

Keeping Children Safe Outdoors
Most children enjoy playing outdoors and going on trips, but it can be difficult to keep them safe, since the hazards are less predictable than those in the home. Accompany your children whenever they leave the home, until they have learned the safety rules.

Taking Precautions
• By following these simple pointers, you can help keep a child safe if he or she becomes separated from you.
• Using telephones Before going out, always check that your child knows emergency numbers, including your own, and has enough money for telephone calls.
• Checking the surroundings Teach children to spot street names or store names, so that they can tell the emergency services where they are if you do become separated.
• Walking around Teach a child to call the emergency services if they are lost.
• Calling for help Teach children to carry a loud whistle and to blow it if they are lost, in trouble, or being bothered by a stranger.

Preventing Problems
• Arranging rides If your child is at someone else’s house, carry the telephone number of the house so that you can telephone immediately if you will not be able to pick up the child at the expected time.
• Accepting rides Teach a child never to accept a ride from a stranger, or to take a ride with someone they know, unless you have told the child about this in advance.
• Using a code word Agree on a special code word with your child so that, if you need another adult to pick them up, the child will know that the person has been sent by you.
• Protecting teenagers When teenage children go out, ask them to leave an address and contact telephone number.

Using Transportation
• Taking a child in a car always put a baby or child in the back seat of a car, and never in the front passenger seat of a car fitted with airbags. If a bag inflates, it could seriously harm the child’s skull.
• Using a car seat Follow the manufacturer’s instructions when securing a car seat to a back seat. Always keep the child strapped in. This will prevent the child from being thrown out of the seat if you have to brake suddenly.
• Choosing a stroller When buying a stroller, choose a type that has a high, padded seat, which will protect a child’s head as well as its body. Test the brakes to make sure that they are effective.

Making Play Safe
Adapting a garden Remove or fence off any toxic plants in your garden. Do not let a child near any area that has been sprayed with chemicals.

Surfacing a Play Area
If you have a swing or jungle gym in your garden, dig a shallow pit beneath it, and fill the pit with wood chips or fine sand. This will prevent children from being hurt if they slip or Ml off.

Teaching Safety
Crossing streets safely When you cross streets with a child, teach them to choose crossing places away from curves or parked cars. Tell them to look both ways and to wait until the road is clear before crossing.

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Making Children Visible
Select a bright- or pale-colored coat for a child. Stick or sew reflective shapes onto it. Be sure that the child wears it in poor light conditions, so that he or she is always visible to traffic.

Safeguard Tip
Covering a drain
If you have an open drain outside your home, attach an old oven tray or cooling rack over the hole so that children cannot drop objects into it or trap their feet inside it.

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Category: Children

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